"McDonalds serve at least 70 million customers every day"
They say that news travels fast but in business, the world’s biggest brands travel even faster. Infamous logos, catchy slogans and celebrity endorsements seem to appear in every corner of the world. What you may be thinking now is how exactly did these brands do it? Harking back to 2015, you might remember a documentary starring the not-so-unknown ex-England footballer David Beckham. The programme, dubbed The Unknown, followed Britain’s beloved Becks on his travels around the world to see how his fame had spread (and ‘find himself’ obviously). Due to football’s colossal popularity, and the power of the internet, Beckham had to travel into the middle of the Amazon rainforest before he could escape selfie requests left, right and centre.
However, it’s not only our favourite celebs who hold claim to global fame. The super brands of this earth are continuously outgrowing world economies and are seeing their expansion ever-increasing. Fast-food pioneers McDonald’s, soft drink heavyweights Coca-Cola and car giants BMW are all great examples of this. It goes without saying that they are all household names and you would have to embark on somewhat of an expedition before you came across someone who hadn’t heard of them. In this article we explore how some of the world’s most famous brands have so widely established themselves across the world and how your business can take inspiration to one day do the same!
Featuring the famous ‘golden arches’, McDonald’s is an undeniable worldwide brand. This American fast-food chain grew from its humble roots in San Bernardino, California 1940, into a brand that dominates the global marketplace and is one of the world’s biggest employers. McDonald’s serve at least 70 million customers every day — that’s more than the population of the UK!
McDonald’s has two approaches to making its brand known worldwide: standardization strategy and adaptation strategy.
Standardisation strategy: Whether you’re eating at a McDonald’s in New York, Tokyo, or London, there are some items you will always be able to get. The Classic meals such as a Big Mac and fries can be found around the globe with perfect uniformity. Wherever you are, you know what you’re getting with McDonald’s. This strategy brings comfort and trust to its customers.
Adaptation strategy: This is the part where the meals get mixed up a bit. In order to appeal to a global audience, McDonald’s creates new food items that appeal to the taste buds of each country. Here are some of my favourites:
· Japan: McChoco Potato (fries covered in chocolate sauce)
· Canada: Poutine
· Italy: Spinach and Parmesan Nuggets
· India: McCurry Pan
· Philippines: Chicken McDo with Spaghetti
· China: Bacon, Macaroni and Cheese Toastie
Through strategic product placement and campaigns about happiness, Coca-Cola has become one of the most recognisable brands in the world. It is estimated that Coca-Cola reaches daily servings of 1.9 billion globally, and many of its slogans such as “Open Happiness” are recognised around the globe. Recently, retro coke bottles were featured in the popular Netflix show Stranger Things 3 (2019) which was watched by at least 18.2 million viewers worldwide. Like BMW, Coca-Cola is using popular culture to its advantage.
One wholesome way that Coca-Cola established itself around the world was with the Expedition 206 project in 2010. The project starred three twenty-somethings, Tony Martin, from Washington, D.C.; Kelly Ferris from Brussels; and Antonio Santiago from Mexico City. The group set out on a quest to visit every Coca-Cola-selling country around the world to find out ‘what makes people happy’. The journey took the trio to 186 countries (just short of the 206 where Coca-Cola is sold), and they travelled 275,000 miles. If this doesn’t show Coca-Cola’s commitment to connect with their customers around the world then I don’t know what does!
On top of this, they strategically made sure they were part of the most famous worldwide event: the Olympics. The 2010 Vancouver games featured the slogan “Open the Games. Open Happiness” and was broadcast around the world.
This well-known car brand is constantly growing. In 2018, it achieved its highest ever annual sales with a total of 2,125,026 cars sold worldwide, a growth of 1.8%. The figures are impressive, but how did BMW achieve this worldwide accreditation?
One way that BMW has expanded is by teaming up with other brands and manufacturing vehicles in different countries. For example, they joined forces with British car company Rover whose sales of Land Rovers have been on the rise globally.
As well as this, BMW makes sure their brand is easy to relate to and understand on a universal level. Their branding is simple yet effective, with a memorable logo, and concisely named car ranges such as, the BMW 1 Series, the 3 series, the 5 series and the X range. The simple, numeric name system can be understood globally. For example, “328” tells you the car is in the 3 series and the engine is 2.8 liters in size — easy!
Another way this brand has made itself known to the masses is through popular media and cinema. Think of a universally known film featuring a car chase— BMW has probably somehow been involved. Some of the most famous placements of BMW cars on the big screen include The World Is Not Enough (1999) which saw Piers Brosnan driving a 2000 BMW Z8, Mission: Impossible — Rogue Nation (2015) in which Tom Cruise was at the wheel of a BMW M3, and Fast & Furious 6 (2013) which showcased a fleet of 2010 BMW M5s. These blockbusters amongst others, have reached audiences around the world, which has done wonders for BMW’s global brand.
As shown, the tactics employed by these mega-brands have propelled them to international super-stardom. Quirky marketing campaigns and creative thinking about the desires of customers everywhere could make the difference between staying local and conquering the worldwide market.